[Regional] As press freedom declines, so does religious freedom in Southeast Asia


Amid declining media freedom in Southeast Asia, freedom of religion or belief is also in a downward spiral.

Five countries in Southeast Asia have been named “worst offenders of religious freedom” despite belonging to the most diverse region in terms of belief.

“That should give us pause as to what is going on in our part of the world,” said the United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief (FoRB) Ahmed Shaheed at the public lecture held Monday (20 August 2018) at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Thailand and organized by the Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA).

Myanmar and Vietnam have been designated as “countries of particular concern,” where governments are “engaged in or tolerate systematic, ongoing, egregious violations of religious freedom,” according to the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF).

In its 2018 report, the USCIRF documented religious freedom violations and progress in 28 countries in 2017.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) documents the deterioration of religious freedom conditions in many countries in 2017

Religious freedom continued to deteriorate globally in 2017, noted the report released early this year. Such decline often “intersected with authoritarian practices characterized by hostility toward dissent, pluralism, independent media, and active civil society, or took place under the guise of protecting national security or countering terrorism.”

Among the “myriad religious freedom challenges the government of Burma (also known as Myanmar) confronted in 2017, the crisis in Rakhine State was the most exigent,” said the report.

“Military and security forces launched a brutal response to attacks carried out by Rohingya Muslim insurgents against border guard and law enforcement personnel in October 2016 and August 2017.”

One of the key findings on Vietnam highlighted the spate of state violations of human rights in 2017, including freedom of religion and expression. That year Vietnam hosted the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit attended by world leaders. But instead of using the opportunity to demonstrate its commitment to a rules-based international order, the government amplified human rights abuses, including against freedom of religion or belief.

“The government’s crackdown on religion, expression, association, and assembly was nationwide, suggesting a concerted effort to silence critics and peaceful activists while the world was watching.”

Indonesia, Laos, and Malaysia were included in the second category, or “countries where the violations meet one or two, but not all three” of these respective elements.

Other forms of FoRB violations observed in specific countries were coercion; unjustified or disproportionate limits on manifestation; discrimination, repression, and persecution; gender inequality and gender-based violence; corporal punishment; and hate crimes, noted the rapporteur.

“When a state suppresses press freedom, it’s a part of suppressing freedom of expression. It suppresses therefore forms of expression based on religion. It’s not an environment in which FoRB could thrive,” said Shaheed, who also rued the shrinking of civic space globally.

Southeast Asia is no exception. All ten member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations landed in the bottom third of the 2018 World Press Freedom Index.

Shaheed said promoting and protecting FoRB could help advance other human rights and have implications for state efforts to provide space for the enjoyment of freedoms, including freedom of expression.

“All human rights are interdependent, universal, and interrelated,” he added.

Freedom of religion or belief overlaps with numerous other human rights

He said empirical studies conducted over an extended period of time show that  countries which had restrictions on FoRB were prone to have high levels of conflict than those that did not. Thus, having space for FoRB was a way to minimize conflict over time, he said.

“When you respect human rights, when you respect FoRB rights, we have better prospects for peace (and prosperity),” he said.

Shaheed shared that Southeast Asian states have a very low engagement with mechanisms to alleviate the FoRB problems and issues in the region. He said his office is currently exploring potential mechanisms that be could be effectively used to address such challenges in the region.

“The whole idea of human right is to promote human agency. Human rights is about increasing the ability of each person to enjoy his or her life to the full without harming other people,” he said.

Adding that a commitment to strengthen freedom of religion or belief enhances other rights: “The individual has to have the space for pursuing life plans” without coercion and discrimination.

Original post here.

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PPI elects four officers and six regional trustees


01. Alfonso Gomez Pedroche, Pilipino Star Ngayon - Chairman-President (Re-elected)
02. Alex Rey Pal, MetroPost (Dumaguete City) - Trustee for Visayas and Vice-Chairman
03. Amalia Montecillo Bandiola, Mindanao Times (Davao City) - Trustee for Mindanao and Corporate Secretary (Re-elected)
04. Joenald Medina Rayos, Pahayagang Balikas (Batangas) - Treasurer and Trustee for Luzon (Re-elected)
05. Sonia Daoas, Cordillera News Agency (Baguio City) - Trustee for Luzon (Re-elected)
06. Adrian A. Amatong, Mindanao Observer - Trustee for Mindanao (Re-elected)
07. Dalmacio Massey Candido Grafil, Leyte Samar Daily Express (Tacloban City) - Trustee for Visayas (Re-elected)

Manila Trustees (are Representatives from):
08.The Philippine Star
09.. Manila Standard Today
10. Malaya Business Insight
11. Journal Group
12. Philippine Daily Inquirer

13. Ariel C. Sebellino - Executive Director (Ex-Officio)


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Alfonso Pedroche at PPI NPF 2018

By Alfonso Pedroche, PPI-Chairman

The supply of newsprint runs short as the number of trees, from where paper is derived dwindles fast. As a result, the cost of newsprint rises to an exorbitant proportion even as the prices of other wherewithals in newspaper or magazine production (such as ink) are turning almost prohibitive.

Advertisers are fast shifting to other effective platforms in the cyber space in lieu of the newspapers or magazines.

The print media is first of all a platform to pursue various advocacy paramount of which is truthful information, but just like any other endeavors, it needs money to keep going. Without the mainstream press, the people’s right to truthful information is at stake.

The social media in cyber space may offer a potential venue to inform but it hasn’t reached the point of being dependable, as any Tom, Dick and Harry have an easy access to propagate brazen lies and unconfirmed reports that can deprive the people of their opportunity to shape correct and reasonable opinions on different issues.

Our country is in such a dilemma. Fake news on social media is so rampant and is even used as propaganda armaments of certain people to malign the reputations of others.

Sadly, some people subscribing to the social media can be so gullible to embrace disinformation, hook, line and sinker. There is yet no better replacement for the print media in conveying factual information. It may not always be perfect but should there be anything amiss, there is always an opportunity to correct what is wrong, not to mention that the accountability is readily determinable.

Though there are great hurdles along the way resulting from the vicissitudes of the modern times, print media shall continue struggling to survive.

22nd NPF Graphics Final-01

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